Via Marians Blog - If anyone has information on the original source and the background to the photos please leave a comment.
The four photographs below were taken in >1868 of African aboard a Dutch ship HMS Daphne, intercepted and taken from Arab slaving dhow in the Indian Ocean; source not yet known
The Arab slave trade in African began around 7thC AD and continued for some 100 years after the Trans Atlantic slave trade had officially ended. it contineThe trade was mainly in North and East Africa. The numbers are difficult to assess but are estimated at about 11 million and slavery continues today across Africa and Asia mostly in children..
These photographs dated 1868 reveals a very little of the terrible suffering caused to millions of people by the slave trade. This group of severely emaciated boys and young men on the lower deck of a Royal Naval ship apparently have been taken from what was a slave vessel trading illegally off the African coast headed to the Americas. The captain of the Royal Naval ship had instructions not to return the rescued slaves to the place on the coast where they had been put on the slave ship (presumably because they were in danger of being recaptured by traders) but it is not clear from the available documentation what happened to them afterwards.
The Indian Ocean Slave trade evolved around the Indian Ocean basin. Slaves were taken from mainland East Africa and sold in markets in the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf. In contrast to the trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, the
Indian Ocean Slave Trade was much older dating back from at least the second century C.E. until the early twentieth century. For example, the oldest written document from the East Africa Coast, the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, describes a small trade in slaves around the second century C.E. Note physical features of the Arabs.
Indian Ocean: East African slaves taken aboard the Dutch HMS
Daphne from a Arab dhow, 1 November 1868.
For more on the Arab slave trade:
“Slavery in the Arab World” by Gordon Murray and “Africa in History” by Basil Davidson
African American Migration Experience an excellent resource on the TransAtlantic Slave Trade